Stourport-on-Severn No.2 Conservation Area
Stourport-on-Severn Conservation Area No. 2 is 6.6 hectares in
extent and comprises buildings, streets, a length of canal and
associated environments, that date primarily from the late
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and form the central part of
the historic core of the Town. The Area continues from the
south-west end of the Gilgal and covers the central part of the
Town. The buildings in the Area are primarily in the Georgian
style, which forms a visually powerful expression that reflects the
timing of the Town’s foundations and early growth.
The Conservation Area is situated over a expanse of land that has a
very gradual, even but shallow rise from south to north. The
highest point of this expanse is approximately 12 metres above the
bank level of the River Severn; some 500 metres to the south west.
A limb of the Area extends outwards from the northern east end
along Mitton Street, and this limb falls away evenly but sharply by
some 6 metres as far as the road junction with Severn Road.
The predominant land uses within the Area are as follows:
A) Retail and commercial uses, located mainly along High Street,
York Street, New Street, Lickhill Road and Lombard Street; and
collectively occupying the entire Area to the west of the canal
cut. It is not known whether these premises were originally
constructed specifically for retail and commercial use, dwellings,
or mixed use (dwellings above shops). However, it is most probable
the properties in New Street (particularly the western end) were
primarily dwellings; whilst the properties in Lombard Street
(western side) were small dwellings or “courts”; and
B) Pockets of long-established residential use occur in Lion Hill
(east side), Mitton Street and off Parkes Passage (where there is
also two churches). Recent residential use has been added to the
Area by way of a redevelopment of the former canal-side loading
quay, known as Parkes Quay and conversion of other canal-side
buildings in the vicinity.
The Area contains twenty-five Statutory List Entries which relate
to approximately forty statutorily listed buildings; together with
several other buildings and structures of interest, primarily
dating from the late eighteenth to early twentieth century. Some of
the latter have been subject to unsympathetic alterations (such as
replacement of windows) but none are beyond restoration, which
should be considered in preference to redevelopment. Generally,
every effort should be made to retain built fabric in the Area
dating from the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in
particular. Particularly special features in the Area include the
- The canal, including the Wallfield Bridge lock, overflow and
adjoining lock keepers cottage, towpath, adjoining revetments and
Lower Mitton Bridge.
- Former canal maintenance yard workshop and remains of a
canal-side crane in Parkes Quay, and a canal building on the east
side of the canal cut; both now converted into dwellings.
- War Memorial and Garden (Vale Road).
- Wesleyan Chapel and Manse, and Methodist Church and Sunday
school (Parkes Passage).
- Wedged or rounded corners of buildings, where paths and roads
- Nos. 9 & 10, Parkes Passage, which were originally
properties of the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal
- Narrow pedestrian nature of Parkes Passage.
The area contains a particularly important man made interruption
to the natural topography in the form of the cut through which the
canal passes, parallel to the western side of Lion Hill. This
adopts a straight, deep passage (approximately 5 metres at its
greatest), running from north to south. It enters the Area under
the Lower Mitton Bridge (Mitton Street) and exits beneath the
Wallfield Bridge (York Street) from where it joins the complex of
basins in Area No.1. The canal is retained for almost the entire
length of this cut by revetments either side, giving it a
corridor-like feel. A stretch of bank on the west side (Parkes
Quay) has been historically reduced to allow for the siting of
loading facilities. This canal function has now been replaced by
recent residential development.
Stourport-on-Severn Conservation Area No. 2 covers part of a town
that was established and developed as a result of the construction
of the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, and is the only town
in England to hold this distinction. This part of the town thus has
immense historic value and because of the relationship between town
and canal, the character of the Conservation area is of high
The laying out and construction of the town during the Georgian
period has stamped an unmistakable character and appearance on the
urban fabric, which provides a clear lead for further
Stourport-on-Severn No. 2 Conservation Area Character